The pledge of allegiance
The last change in the Pledge of Allegiance occurred
on June 14 (Flag Day), 1954 when President
Dwight D. Eisenhower approved adding the words
"under God". As he authorized this change he said:
"In this way we are reaffirming the transcendence

of religious faith in America's heritage and future;
in this way we shall constantly strengthen
those spiritual weapons which forever will be
our country's most powerful resource in peace and war."
This was the last change made to the Pledge of Allegiance.

The 23 words what had been initially penned
for a Columbus Day celebration now compriseda
Thirty-one profession of loyalty and devotion
to not only a flag, but to a way of life.
...the American ideal. Those words now read:
.
.
.
I Pledge Allegiance I Promise to be faithful and true (Promise my loyalty)
to the flag to the emblem that stands for and represents
of the United States all 50 states, each of them individual, and individually represented on the flag
of America yet formed into a UNION of one Nation.
and to the Republic And I also pledge my loyalty to the Government that is itself a Republic, a form of government where the PEOPLE are sovereign,
for which it stands, this government also being represented by the Flag to which I promise loyalty.
one Nation under God, These 50 individual states are united as a single Republic under the Divine providence of God, "our most powerful resource" (according to the words of President Eisenhower)
Indivisible, and can not be separated. (This part of the original version of the pledge was written just 50 years after the beginning of the Civil War and demonstrates the unity sought in the years after that divisive period in our history)
with Liberty The people of this Nation being afforded the freedom to pursue "life, liberty, and happiness",
and Justice And each person entitled to be treated justly, fairly, and according to proper law and principle,
for All. And these principles afforded to EVERY AMERICAN, regardless of race, religion, color, creed, or any other criteria. Just as the flag represents 50 individual states that can not be divided or separated, this Nation represents millions of people who can not be separated or divided.